Wheat


New impacts on wheat growers

  • Your future revenue and profit gains from growing wheat will have to come from increased production on the same acres while also managing your costs per bushel.
  • At current prices, wheat producers who are not intensely managing their wheat acres are not capturing a premium return on cost of production. The cost to your bottom line can be up to $140/A in revenue.

How we got here

Since April 2009, the price per bushel for wheat has experienced a 9% APR (Compounded Annual Growth Rate), while planted acres in the U.S. have remained flat.

Soil Preparation and Seeding

Insights

How healthy wheat gets a good start:
  • Rapid, uniform emergence is key to producing tillers.
  • Nitrogen is the most necessary nutrient for wheat due to the high protein content of the grain.
  • The endosperm contains food in the form of starch and protein, which helps germination and emergence.
N = Nitrogen and Nutrition
  • Nitrogen deficiencies will reduce wheat yield more than any other nutrient deficiency.
  • Apply 50 pounds of N, and your wheat can assimilate only about 24 pounds due to naturally occurring environmental conditions both inside and outside the plant. That means 52% of the applied N is not being used by the crop — and not contributing to increased yield.
  • It takes 2 pounds of N to produce 1 bushel of wheat —a loss of half your investment in nitrogen. For a 500-acre wheat grower, that’s equal to about $2,775 lost in your nitrogen investment. Or: number of acres x .48 x number of dollars in nitrogen cost = number of dollars lost.
  • This inefficient 48% uptake of N is costly in bushels: multiply the number of acres by 13 (bu/A) for the bu/A lost.

Key Resource

Limus Toolkit video thumbnail
Limus® Toolkit
Share this insight page:

Products & Resources


Sharpen® Herbicide

Powered by Kixor® technology. Three to five times faster than 2, 4-D or glyphosate. Wide range of crops and applications.

» Sharpen (Wheat) Technical Information Bulletin
» Customer Conversation Wheat Sharpen
» Performance Photos | » Slides
» Kixor Burndown Video
» Kixor Site of Action Video

Stamina® F3 Cereals Fungicide Seed Treatment

Benefits: Increased emergence and plant stands by controling or suppressing disease. Faster and increased emergence of seedlings under cold conditions. Convenient, uncolored, concentrated formulation for use in commercial seed treatment facilites.

Tillering

Insights

Tillering: Steering your wheat’s success
  • The plant’s growth depends on the seed and fibrous root system’s development to promote plant establishment.
  • The main stem facilitates tiller development by providing nutrients for each tiller until it has three or more leaves.
Losing yield due to weed competition?
  • Did you know it stems primarily from a decrease in tillering?
  • Wheat tillering gradually declines with an increase in wild oat density. When wild oats exceed 200 plants/m2, it can reduce tillering by more than 50%.
  • Studies have shown reduced tillering in wheat when foxtail, ryegrass and wild buckwheat are present.
  • A 50% reduction in tillering can result in losses of 35% bu/A.
  • Calculation: Multiply your operation’s total bushel yield last year by .35 and that’s your number of bushels lost. Now take that number of bushels lost and multiply by $7/bu, and that’s your dollar loss due to weed competition.

Key Resource

Clearfield® Production System for Wheat

Clearfield® wheat varieties are bred by leading university scientists and private breeders to reflect regional growing conditions and requirements and are available only as certified seed that offers better yield potential than bin-run seed.

» Clearfield Wheat Technical Information Bulletin
» Clearfield Wheat (ROI) Technical Information Bulletin
» Clearfield Plus Wheat (ROI) Technical Information Bulletin
» Customer Conversation Wheat Clearfield
» Performance Photos

Share this insight page:

Products & Resources


Fastac™ EC Insecticide

Broad-spectrum insect control; provides knockdown and repellant action with residual control; labeled on diverse crops.

» Fastec EC Technical Information Bulletin
» Performance Slides

Limus® Nitrogen Management

Limus® nitrogen management helps support optimal nitrogen availability for more consistent yields. Proven to reduce nitrogen loss by as much as 95%, Limus is based on a novel formulation that contains two active ingredients for blocking active sites of soil urease enzymes.

» Limus Technical Information Bulletin

Priaxor® Xemium® Brand Fungicide

Advanced plant health benefits; longest-lasting protection; additional mode of action for resistance management; crop safety.

» Priaxor Wheat Technical Information Bulletin
» Customer Conversation Wheat Priaxor
» Performance Photos | » Slides

Prowl® H2O Herbicide

Water-based formulation that helps maximize herbicide availability for residual weed control through excellent surface stability and reduced binding to field residue. Offers exceptional convenience, performance and crop safety. No odor, reduced staining, greater storage temperature flexibility and better performance in high surface areas.

» Performance Photos

Zidua® Herbicide

Long-lasting residual control. New standard for use flexibility. Ten percent stronger performance on Palmer amaranth and waterhemp.

Zidua (Wheat) Technical Information Bulletin
» Performance Photos | » Slides

Jointing

Insights

Jointing agronomics:
  • If the growing point is killed during stem elongation, the main stem or tiller will die.
  • At jointing, all leaves have formed, and the growing point(s) will develop an embryonic head.
  • Wheat head size is based on the number of spikelets per spike.
Jointing impacts:
  • Weed competition can reduce crop quality and result in significant dockage.
  • A single weed plant like jointed goat grass, cheat grass or downy broam in one square meter of wheat can cost a grower 17 to 40% in dockage at the elevator (range is based on weed species).
  • In an intensely managed wheat acre with an anticipated 100 bu/A yield, the presence of just one of these weeds could cost a grower up to 40 bu/A.
  • Calculation: Multiply your number of acres by your number of bu/A yield last year, then times .17 and that’s your number of overall bushels lost. Multiply that by a price of $7/bu, and the dollars you could lose really add up.

Key Resource

Priaxor® Xemium® Brand Fungicide

Advanced plant health benefits; longest-lasting protection; additional mode of action for resistance management; crop safety.

» Priaxor Wheat Technical Information Bulletin
» Customer Conversation Wheat Priaxor
» Performance Photos | » Slides

Share this insight page:

Products & Resources


Beyond® Herbicide

Improves yield; offers broad spectrum weed control and cleaner grain.

Fastac™ EC Insecticide

Broad-spectrum insect control; provides knockdown and repellant action with residual control; labeled on diverse crops.

» Fastec EC Technical Information Bulletin
» Performance Slides

Limus® Nitrogen Management

Limus® nitrogen management helps support optimal nitrogen availability for more consistent yields. Proven to reduce nitrogen loss by as much as 95%, Limus is based on a novel formulation that contains two active ingredients for blocking active sites of soil urease enzymes.

» Limus Technical Information Bulletin

Flag

Insights

Flag facts:
  • Flag leaves produce 80 to 90% of the carbohydrates for grain.
  • The plant at flag stage produces up to 75% of the effective leaf area that contributes to grain fill.
Winning formula: Protect flag leaves to maximize wheat yield.
  • Neglecting to protect the flag leaf can cause a 30% negative yield impact.
  • If you’re a 47 bu/A producer, that can result in a loss of 14 bu/A; at $7/bu, that’s $98/A in lost revenue.
  • If you’re a 70 bu/A producer, that’s a loss of 21bu/A; in revenue, a loss of $147/A.
  • The calculation: Multiply your number of bu/A yield from last year by your number of acres by .30 loss. That’s your total bushels lost. At a price of $7/bu, the loss really adds up to money that never reaches your pocket.
  • It could be even worse: Yield loss estimates can be much higher than 30%.
Share this insight page:

Products & Resources


Twinline® Fungicide

Broad-spectrum disease control and plant health; powered by the same active ingredient that is in Headline® fungicide, plus a triazole for post-infection disease control; maximized yields and profit potential per acre.

» Twinline Small Grains Technical Information Bulletin
» Customer Conversation Wheat Twinline
» Performance Photos

Flowering

Insights

Facts at flowering
  • Flowering and pollination typically begin in the center of the head and progress to the top and bottom of the head very quickly.
  • The number of kernels per head is determined by the number of flowers.
  • Grain begins growing immediately after flowering and reaches its maximum size (but not weight) within about two weeks.
Yield-critical insight: Managing disease in wheat from flag leaf through flowering is vital to maximizing yield.
  • Growers have very narrow windows in which to make proper fungicide applications, because wheat pollination occurs in about 7 days.
  • Fusarium head blight can cause 50 to 90% yield loss, lower test weights and increased levels of vomitoxins, resulting in increasing dockage levels at the elevator.
  • Dockage due to vomitoxins can begin at levels as low as 1ppm.
Facts and figures:
  • A 50% yield loss on the average U.S. wheat acre results in a loss of $164 for that acre. This loss can exceed $300/A in yield loss alone for high-yield wheat producers, and even higher loss if late-developing flag leaf diseases occur as well.
  • Dockage, or even complete load refusal, at the elevator can intensify this negative impact on revenue.
  • At $7/bu, here’s the calculation on a 50% yield loss on your farm: Multiply last year’s number of bu/A times the number of acres times .50 times $7 (per bushel). The result is your total dollars lost.

Key Resource

Caramba® Wheat Fungicide

Effective management of head scab with reduction of DON levels; late-season leaf disease control; protection of yield potential and grain quality.

» Caramba Technical Information Bulletin
» Customer Conversation Wheat Caramba
» Performance Photos

Share this insight page:

Products & Resources


Twinline® Fungicide

Broad-spectrum disease control and plant health; powered by the same active ingredient that is in Headline® fungicide, plus a triazole for post-infection disease control; maximized yields and profit potential per acre.

» Twinline Small Grains Technical Information Bulletin
» Customer Conversation Wheat Twinline
» Performance Photos

Harvest

Insights

Weight and water facts:
  • Kernel weight, the final yield component, is determined during maturation.
  • The most important change at harvest: the loss of moisture from 30 to 35% in mature grain, to 12 to 13% in combine-ripe grain.
Good insight: Beware of bad seed
  • Pigweed can replant in the field as the wheat is harvested: The combine redistributes it with the chaff.
  • One pigweed plant alone generates 1 million seeds.
  • This spread of additional weeds via chaff will likely require at least one herbicide pass in the spring to control the weed population that results.
  • Cold, hard numbers: If the average herbicide application costs $10/A, a 1,000-acre grower would incur up to an additional $10,000.
Facts and figures:
  • A 50% yield loss on the average U.S. wheat acre results in a loss of $164 for that acre. This loss can exceed $300/A in yield loss alone for high-yield wheat producers, and even higher loss if late-developing flag leaf diseases occur as well.
  • Dockage, or even complete load refusal, at the elevator can intensify this negative impact on revenue.
  • At $7/bu, here’s the calculation on a 50% yield loss on your farm: Multiply last year’s number of bu/A times the number of acres times .50 times $7 (per bushel). The result is your total dollars lost.

Key Resource

Clearfield® Production System for Wheat

Clearfield® wheat varieties are bred by leading university scientists and private breeders to reflect regional growing conditions and requirements and are available only as certified seed that offers better yield potential than bin-run seed.

» Clearfield Wheat Technical Information Bulletin
» Clearfield Wheat (ROI) Technical Information Bulletin
» Clearfield Plus Wheat (ROI) Technical Information Bulletin
» Customer Conversation Wheat Clearfield
» Performance Photos

Share this insight page:

Products & Resources


Sharpen® Herbicide

Powered by Kixor® technology. Three to five times faster than 2, 4-D or glyphosate. Wide range of crops and applications.

» Sharpen (Wheat) Technical Information Bulletin
» Customer Conversation Wheat Sharpen
» Performance Photos | » Slides
» Kixor Burndown Video
» Kixor Site of Action Video

 

© BASF Corporation